Root Canal Treatment
Undetected and untreated dental decay will usually burrow deeper in the dentine of the tooth. Eventually, the bacteria and toxins of the dental decay progresses to infect the pulp (which contains the nerves) of the tooth. The pulp becomes painfully inflamed and the nerve of the tooth will eventually die. A subsequent pulpal infection progresses and tracks down the root of the tooth until a periapical infection (root abscess) forms. This usually results in acute pain and throbbing of the affected tooth. Many people who do not visit the dentist regularly will quickly present for treatment once the dental decay disease process progresses to this painful stage.
When this happens, patients are usually confronted with two options to treat the disease process and ease the pain:
- Root Canal Treatment (RCT).
- Extraction the tooth.
Root Canal Treatment sounds intimidating and may conjure up negative attitudes in some patients, however, the treatment is reliable and the success rate is good. From a professional point of view, it is the preferred modality of treating teeth that have irreversible inflamaation of the nerve (pulpitis) or have become abscessed, as long as the tooth is restorable. Multiple visits are required to disinfect the root canal system and prepare the tooth for a Root Canal Filling (Obturation). However, in some cases, root canal treatment may fail over the years for such reasons as:
- Splitting of the tooth.
Therefore, an accurate diagnosis along with the use of rubber dam for tooth isolation, modern Nickel Titanium rotary files and efficient obturation techniques are utilised at TOOTH32 to give the best success rate.
Upon completion of Root Canal Therapy, in about 70% of cases, a Crown or Onlay restoration is required to protect the tooth roots from splitting apart (cuspal protection).